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Homomorphismes de type Johnson pour les surfaces et invariant perturbatif universel des variétés de dimension trois

Abstract : Let Σ be a compact oriented surface with one boundary component and let M denote the mapping class group of Σ. By considering the action of M on the fundamental group of Σ it is possible to define different filtrations of M together with some homomorphisms on each term of the filtrations. The aim of this thesis is twofold. First, we study two filtrations of M : the « Johnson-Levine filtration » introduced by Levine and « the alternative Johsnon filtration » introduced recently by Habiro and Massuyeau. The definition of both filtrations involve a handlebody bounded by Σ. We refer to these filtrations as ≪ Johnson-type filtrations » and the corresponding homomorphisms have referred to as « Johnson-type homomorphisms » by their analogy with the original Johnson filtration and the usual Johnson homomorphisms. We provide a comparison of the Johnson filtration with the Johnson-Levine filtration at the level of the monoid of homology cobordisms of Σ. We also provide a comparison of the alternative Johnson filtration with the Johnson-Levine filtration and the Johnson filtration at the level of the mapping class group. Secondly, we study the relationship between the « Johnson-type homomorphisms » and the functorial extension of the universal perturbative invariant of 3-manifolds (the Le-Murakami-Ohtsuki invariant or LMO invariant). This functorial extension is calling the LMO functor and it takes values in a category of diagrams. We prove that the « Johnson-type homomorphisms » is in the tree reduction of the LMO functor. In particular, this provides a new reading grid of the tree reduction of the LMO functor.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 16, 2019 - 11:55:49 AM
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Anderson Vera. Homomorphismes de type Johnson pour les surfaces et invariant perturbatif universel des variétés de dimension trois. Topologie algébrique [math.AT]. Université de Strasbourg, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019STRAD009⟩. ⟨tel-02145110v3⟩

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