Intersections lagrangiennes pour les sous-variétés monotones et presque monotones

Abstract : N the first part of the thesis, we give, under some hypotheses, a lower bound on the intersection number of a closed monotone Lagrangian submanifold L with its image by a generic Hamiltonianisotopy. For monotone Lagrangian submanifolds L which are K(pi, 1) and, in particular with negative sectional curvature, this bound is 1 + beta_1(L), where beta_1 is the first Betti number with coefficients in Z_2. Another consequence, is the non-displaceability of a monotone Lagrangian embedding of RPn x K (where K is a submanifold with negative sectional curvature such that H^1(K, Z) ≠ 0) in some symplectic manifolds. In the second part, given a closed monotone Lagrangian submanifold L, which is not displaceable, we use Floer homology defined on Lagrangians which are C^1 - close to L, to get information about it Maslov number. Besides, if L can be approached by a sequence of displaceable Lagrangians, then, under some topological assumptions on L, the displacement energy of the elements of this sequence converge to infinity.
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Nassima Keddari. Intersections lagrangiennes pour les sous-variétés monotones et presque monotones. Géométrie symplectique [math.SG]. Université de Strasbourg, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018STRAD030⟩. ⟨tel-01873368v2⟩

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