On area and volume in spherical and hyperbolic geometry

Abstract : Our aim is to prove sorne theorems in hyperbolic geometry based on the methods of Euler, Schubert and Steiner in spherical geometry. We give the hyperbolic analogues of sorne trigonometrie formulae by method of variations and an a rea formula in terms of sides of triangles, both due to Euler in spherical case. We solve Lexell's problem. This is a joint work with Weixu Su. We give a shorter formula than Euler's a rea formula. Using hyperbolic analogues of Cagnoli's identities, we prove two classical results in hyperbolic geometry. Further, we give solutions of Schubert's and Steiner's problems. The study of Schubert's problem is a joint work with Vincent Alberge. Finally, following ideas of Norbert A' Campo, we give the sketch of the proof of Schlafli formula using integral geometry. The mentioned theorems can be generalized to the case of dimension 3 partially by means of the techniques used developed in this the sis.
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Elena Frenkel. On area and volume in spherical and hyperbolic geometry. Differential Geometry [math.DG]. Université de Strasbourg, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018STRAD028⟩. ⟨tel-01872314v2⟩

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