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Protocole d'évaluation du langage fondé sur le traitement de fonctions prosodiques : étude exploratoire de deux patients atteints de gliomes de bas grade en contexte péri-opératoire

Abstract : This study is dedicated to the development of an exploratory clinical protocol for language evaluation, where prosody is seen as the core system for assessing spoken language processing in a more comprehensive way than is usually the case in clinical studies. Indeed, prosody is usually largely neglected in studies on language processing, as well as in speech therapy and neuropsychological evaluations. However, prosody is tightly linked to the different components of language, and plays a central role in linguistic structuring. Two linguistic functions of prosody are tested here in language comprehension: 1) the syntactic function of prosody, where both final and initial accenting help delimit syntagmatic grouping ; 2) the pragmatic function of prosody, where prosodic focus brings salience to a specific part of discourse. The protocol was first normalized on a control group of healthy participants. We then ran the evaluation in a peri-surgical context on two patients suffering from grade II glioma. The protocol had to be adapted to the context of awake surgery. The language capacities of the patients were tested first in pre-surgical context in order to assess the cognitive consequences of the brain tumor, then in post-surgical context to evaluate the consequences of the tumor removal. Results raise questions regarding the hemispheric specialization of prosody, and more globally regarding the localization of language processing. The other interesting outcome of this research is to propose improvements for the evaluation of language capacities in a surgical context using direct brain electric stimulation.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00798667
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 16, 2013 - 9:32:17 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00798667, version 2

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Karine Aura. Protocole d'évaluation du langage fondé sur le traitement de fonctions prosodiques : étude exploratoire de deux patients atteints de gliomes de bas grade en contexte péri-opératoire. Linguistique. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012TOU20110⟩. ⟨tel-00798667v2⟩

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