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« Le communisme tout de suite ! » : Le mouvement des communes en Ukraine soviétique (région de Kharkiv) de 1919 à 1935

Abstract : On the basis of local archival materials (from villages, rajony...), this work considers all types of communes around the first capital of Soviet Ukraine.
In 1919, communes were forms of political and social mobilization of rural plebeians interacting with the Soviet State. This “Kommuniâ” caused cruel pogrom-like reactions in villages.
Under NEP, students, artists, and educationalists founded and ruled urban communes... For the regime and the elites in power, this “New Way of life” was another laboratory for social control. On the other hand, peasants' communes remained socially and ideologically marginal.
This prepared for the regime's subversion of utopia after 1929. Rural communes surrender to “complete collectivization” and starvation. Although rural and urban communards showed opposition, yet they were not heard. Borrowing from the revolutionary rhetoric of the civil war, the regime prevented the poor classes from voicing up.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00202394
Contributor : Eric Aunoble <>
Submitted on : Sunday, January 6, 2008 - 2:33:56 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 17, 2020 - 9:36:32 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 21, 2010 - 3:23:43 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00202394, version 2

Citation

Eric Aunoble. « Le communisme tout de suite ! » : Le mouvement des communes en Ukraine soviétique (région de Kharkiv) de 1919 à 1935. Histoire. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00202394v2⟩

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