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Theses

La Moldavie et l'Union européenne ; l'horizon indéfini : entre continuité post-soviétique, dérives oligarchiques et essoufflement d’un modèle

Abstract : This PhD thesis describes the political developments in the Republic of Moldova with a particular focus on the decade 2010-2020 during which the country joined the European Union. Moldova was presented as being the model country of the Eastern Partnership before moving away from the standard model it had committed itself to adopt. The influence of Russia on a country that was constantly presented as "in-between the two worlds" and then the corruption of the political elites were presented as the main causes of this failed Europeanisation. This dissertation analyzes how the Moldovan elites have used the geopolitical competition between powers and the vulnerabilities of society to create a grey-zone from which they are the principal beneficiaries. In order to move away from a solely geopolitical interpretation, this work also revisits the ideological nature of the concept of transition that shaped the process of European integration. It is premised on trust in reform-oriented elites, the idea of a catch-up and a purpose to be achieved. Confronted with a challenging regional situation and a weakened model, the European Union had to abandon the ideallyist approach it adopted after the collapse of the former socialist regimes and evolve towards an approach tending to privilege stability over the deepening of democracy. The EU's neighborhood policies are still built on the paradigm of transition but no longer provide a finality to this process. These inconsistencies in European policies today are blurring the image of the EU and, far from reinforcing the desired stability, they are encouraging oligarchic abuses and democratic backsliding.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03411905
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 2, 2021 - 4:10:14 PM
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Vincent Henry. La Moldavie et l'Union européenne ; l'horizon indéfini : entre continuité post-soviétique, dérives oligarchiques et essoufflement d’un modèle. Science politique. Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021PA120001⟩. ⟨tel-03411905⟩

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