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"In national parks they trust" : la gentrification rurale de trois territoires de nature protégée en Angleterre

Abstract : National Parks (NPs) and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs) in England have, since the late 1970s, been identified as relevant fields of research to study rural gentrification. The hypothesis of this research is based on the fact that in these protected areas, the dynamics of rural gentrification are intense and specific. The Dartmoor National Park, the Peak District National Park, and the Cotswolds AONB, are emblematic and attract new affluents inhabitants who implement residential strategies and transpose, after settling, their representations nourished by environmental ideals, inherited from a long-standing movement. Through their pratices (like those of rewilding), they seize their territories and model them according to their expectations. Some gentrifiers master the keys and codes of the planning system, form alliances and stimulate eco-fronts which sometimes lead to litigation and increasingly lock out these coveted and exclusives areas of nature. This thesis is based on an exploratory approach which allowas us to follow the footsteps of rural gentrification and to take the measure of the intensity of the social and territorial change. Despite local initiatives, local populations are often unable to return to live in the National Parks and the AONB. The costs of access to housing are prohibitive and can be interpreted as one of the consequences of rural gentrification. The (in)visible communities are also kep away from these territories of protected nature and, if they live thre, suffer from symbolic exclusions, close to environmental injustices. National Park Authorities, AONB’s Boards, and the government after BREXIT, are still facing the challenge of finding a balance between the social and the environmental.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03123707
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 28, 2021 - 10:30:09 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03123707, version 1

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Marie Metenier. "In national parks they trust" : la gentrification rurale de trois territoires de nature protégée en Angleterre. Géographie. Université de Limoges, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LIMO0038⟩. ⟨tel-03123707⟩

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