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Contínuo e limite entre expressão cristalizada e construção com verbo-suporte à luz do Léxico-Gramática

Abstract : This thesis presents an investigation about the continuum of expressions between frozen idioms and support-verb constructions, and about the limit between these two categories, in 560 sentences formed with the verbs "ser", "estar" ("be"), "ficar" ("get") and "ter" ("have") in Brazilian Portuguese, as the expression "ser um tiro no pé" ("be a shoot in the foot") in the sentence "Dar carona é um tiro no pé" ("Picking up a hitchhiker is shooting oneself in the foot"). This construction seems to be a frozen idiom, because "ser um tiro no pé" has a non-compositional sense, but it admits the omission of the verb "ser", as we can see in the sentence "Achei sua atitude um tiro no pé" ("I thought your attitude was shooting yourself in the foot"), and this is a property of support-verb constructions. These constructions are productive in Portuguese, and therefore, relevant to lexicological descriptive studies. Although much recent research on frozen idiom classification has been published, as well as some recent research describing support-verb constructions, many constructions have not been analysed and described yet. In this context, we apply several syntactic operations in sentences constructed or attested on the web with the aim of describing and encoding the syntactic-semantic properties of constructions that are in the limit. Through these properties, we recognize, within the expressions that are in the limit, a set of frozen idioms, and a set of support-verb constructions. The theoretical-methodological model we follow is the Lexicon-Grammar, which establishes principles of description and systematic classification of predicative elements of languages. This model is based on Zellig Harris' Distributionalism and Transformational Theory. As a result of the analysis, we propose a language resource in the form of lexicon-grammar tables, a formalism that allows for easy adaptation to Natural Language Processing. With this formalism, computer programs, such as Unitex, can search and label these constructions in large corpora and, from the results, the inventory of initially identified constructions can be expanded.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03106795
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 10:27:33 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 15, 2021 - 3:26:08 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03106795, version 1

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Larissa Picoli. Contínuo e limite entre expressão cristalizada e construção com verbo-suporte à luz do Léxico-Gramática. Linguistics. Universidade federal de São Carlos, 2020. Portuguese. ⟨tel-03106795⟩

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