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Theses

La préposition "iz" en russe moderne : étude de corpus

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to the study of the preposition iz in modern Russian, through the constructions that contain it and form a complex semantic network. While prepositions have always been a central part of linguistic research, iz has not been described in much detail in terms of its semantics and function, even though some works have been devoted to it. The main objective of this work has been to establish a semantic network of the preposition iz, through its main uses and based on existing digital corpora.Chapter I of this thesis provides an overview of research on prepositions in Russian and Western linguistics. This theoretical section looks at unresolved questions in linguistic research related to this part of speech, including definition of the preposition as a category, the existence of lexical meanings inherent in prepositions, and the organisation of their semantical structure, among others. Chapter II presents a detailed analysis of the uses of iz within a construction, considered as a semantic-syntactic unit. The preposition iz is studied here in terms of its interaction with its cotexts: the governing element, on the one hand, and the complement of the preposition, on the other. There are eighteen (18) main constructions, three (3) of which have a concrete, spatial meaning, related to movement through space; five (5) constructions have a reconceptualised spatial meaning; eight (8) constructions have a “non-dynamic” character (no longer involving the idea of movement through space) and two (2) constructions have a causal meaning with iz. This detailed analysis highlights the parameters that show similarities between the various uses of iz by establishing links between them and by organising them into a well-structured network of meanings. This network of meanings forms the semantic profile of iz itself. Chapter III provides a summary including the main ideas developed in the chapter analysing iz, and compares them through a contrastive study on the uses of the prepositions ot and s, which appear in similar contexts and, as a result, enter into competition with iz. This contrastive analysis makes it possible to identify the specificities of the uses of each of the three prepositions and to determine the way in which they separate areas of use. Elsewhere, particular consideration is given to the quantitative analysis of combinations of the three prepositions iz, ot and s with prefix verbs. The results obtained clearly confirm the hypothesis of a correlation between the prepositions and the homonymous prefixes ot and ot-, s and s-, and the synonymous prefixes iz and vy-. Lastly, the arguments developed throughout the work are used to explain erroneous use cases involving the preposition iz in works for learners of Russian (mainly French and English-speaking). Thanks to this comparative dimension between languages with a different structure, the analysis carried out highlights the fact that certain constructions with iz (in particular, ‘belonging’, ‘identification of an entity within a group of entities’) have specific parameters that are not present in “equivalent” constructions in French and English. The general conclusion of the thesis that concludes this study presents all of the results and data obtained, as does the Annex, which brings together the main quantitative data taken from research on prepositions studied mainly in the Russian National Corpus (ruscorpora.ru). The results obtained can contribute to linguistic studies of prepositions and to lexicographical entries, as well as to research related to acquisition of Russian by non-Russian-speaking adults, and didactics of Russian as a foreign language for example.
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Yulia Perova Nouvelot. La préposition "iz" en russe moderne : étude de corpus. Linguistique. Université Côte d'Azur, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020COAZ2013⟩. ⟨tel-02986719⟩

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