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Synthesis and Catalytic Applications of the Transition Elements Nanoparticles

Abstract : Catalysis is a key element in chemical synthesis, and current research is focusing on making catalytic processes cleaner in the context of green chemistry. In this spirit, this thesis involves the research of nanoparticle (NP) catalysts used in aqueous medium, without toxic ligand and in very small quantities toward a variety of useful processes. The synthesis of the catalytic NPs used cations of the transition elements of the right of the periodic table and of reducing agents capable of rapidly reducing these cations to atoms of zero oxidation state aggregating into small catalytically active metal NPs. The chosen reducing agents were organic (naphthyl sodium) or organometallic (19-electron) sandwich complexes of iron such as [Fe(I)Cp*(ŋ6-C6Me6)] or cobalt such as [Co(II)Cp*2], (Cp* = ŋ5-C5Me5)) used as electron reservoirs. The supports limiting the aggregation of the metal NPs were the solvent (polyethylene glycol, first part of the thesis), the cations of the organometallic electron reservoirs (2nd part of the thesis) or a zeolitic imidazolate framework (MOF of ZIF-8 type, 3rd part of the thesis). Instead of a metal cation, it has also been possible to use a cluster such as [Au25(SR) 18] (R = CH2CH2Ph) as a precursor, in which case the reduction was limited to a simple electron transfer producing an anionic cluster stabilized by the congested sandwich counter cation of the electron reservoir. The small NPs thus stabilized proved to be excellent "green" catalysts for several C-C or C-N reactions and hydrogen production by hydrolysis of metal hydrides in an aqueous medium under very mild conditions. This latter reaction was efficiently catalyzed by Ni2Pt@ZIF-8 bimetallic NPs with a spectacular synergy between the two metals.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 19, 2019 - 11:42:15 AM
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Fangyu Fu. Synthesis and Catalytic Applications of the Transition Elements Nanoparticles. Micro and nanotechnologies/Microelectronics. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0195⟩. ⟨tel-02409177v2⟩

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