Graphène et fluorographène par exfoliation de graphite fluoré : applications électrochimiques et propriétés de surface

Abstract : Its electronic conductivity or its optical transparency are unequaled physicochemicalproperties of graphene which explain the increased number of exfoliation methods based ongraphitic precursors to obtain this material. To overcome the use of a graphite/graphene oxidecharacterized by a poorly controlled surface chemistry, graphite fluorides, with variablecrystallinity and also fluorine concentration, were prepared by fluorination of graphite under puremolecular fluorine atmosphere after optimization of the process parameters. The obtainedprecursors, whether by dynamic or static fluorination, were characterized : X-Ray diffraction, FTIRand Raman spectroscopies for the structure, and their texture probed by Scanning andTransmission Electron Microscopy. After that, three methods of exfoliation were developed, basedon different mechanisms: i) a thermal shock, already known but decomposition mechanisms wererefined in this study, ii) an exfoliation within liquid medium by pulsed electrochemical treatment,using for the first time a fluorinated graphite for the synthesis of few-layered fluorinated grapheneand finally iii) an unconventional method, based on the interaction between femtosecond laser andhighly fluorinated graphite to induce mechanisms like controlled reduction, and especially for thisstudy exfoliation of the matrix. These methods have permit to highlight the interest of fluorine inthe current race for the synthesis of graphene, and have shown the production of graphenematerials, having an interesting fluorinated residual functionalization for some applications.
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Michael Herraiz. Graphène et fluorographène par exfoliation de graphite fluoré : applications électrochimiques et propriétés de surface. Matériaux. Université Clermont Auvergne, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018CLFAC094⟩. ⟨tel-02388609⟩

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