Identification et caractérisation du thrombus veineux par imagerie échographique mode B couplée à l’élastographie

Abstract : Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important public health issue (over 100000 individuals in France per year). VTE is a combination of a deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and a pulmonary embolism (PE). DVT is an inappropriate formation of a thrombus (also called blood clot) in one of the deep veins of the body, usually in the leg (popliteal, femoral, iliac). There are mainly three components in a thrombus: platelets, red blood cells and a mesh of fibrins. The main complication of a DVT is a pulmonary embolism (PE) which occurs when a thrombus breaks loose and travels to the lungs. PE affects an estimated 10000 - 20 000 individuals just in France per year. Three physiopathological mechanisms cancontribute, isolated or combined, to the development of a DVT: venous stasis, endothelial injury and hypercoagulability. Our project is aiming to relate the thrombus structure, its main triggering factor and the risk of a PE. To characterize the thrombus structure, we are collecting ultrasonography (echogenicity) and elastography (stiffness) of human thrombus. We propose to extract features from these to kind of ultrasound images using two approaches: one basedon wavelets (the scattering operator) and another based on high order statistics (multicorrelations). Then, the obtained features are analysed using several classification technics (principal component analysis, k-means, spectral clustering) to find the main cause of the DVT or the presence of PE.
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Thibaud Berthomier. Identification et caractérisation du thrombus veineux par imagerie échographique mode B couplée à l’élastographie. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. ENSTA Bretagne - École nationale supérieure de techniques avancées Bretagne, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ENTA0007⟩. ⟨tel-02366284⟩

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