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Caractérisation expérimentale et modélisation numérique du comportement thermomécanique à haute température des matériaux composites renforcés par des fibres

Abstract : TRC materials, consisting of a cement matrix and a reinforcement by textiles or fibers (carbon, glass or other fibre, etc) are often used to repair or/and strengthen the loading structural elements (slab, beam, column) of old civil engineering works. They can also be used as loading elements in new structures (prefabrication element). In order to develop TRC composites with good characteristics at high temperature, a combination has been made between the carbon textiles which have a good mechanical capacity and a refractory matrix which provides a load transfer between the reinforcement textiles and thermally protects them against the action of high temperature. The thermomechanical behavior of carbon TRC composites is experimentally and numerically studied at the mesoscale in this thesis. Scientific advancement on this thesis topic would improve the fire stability of structures that are reinforced by TRC composite materials. This topic would contribute to significant social and economic interests for civil engineering worldwide in general and Vietnam in particular. My thesis work concerns the experimental characterization and numerical modeling of the high temperature thermomechanical behavior of composite materials TRC at the mesoscale. In a first experimental part, the carbon textiles (commercial products on the market), the refractory concrete matrix and the textile/matrix interface were tested at constant temperature thermomechanical regime (ranging from 25 °C to 700 °C). The results obtained showed an effect of the textile treatment on the mechanical behavior and failure mode of the carbon textiles and the textile/matrix interface. An analytical model was also used to identify the evolution of thermomechanical properties of carbon textiles as a function of temperature. The thermal transfer in the cylindrical specimen was carried out to validate the thermal properties of refractory concrete. All results obtained in this part are used as input data for the numerical model in the modeling part. The second experimental part explores the thermomechanical behavior of TRCs under two regimes: thermomechanical at constant temperature and thermomechanical at constant force. Two carbon textiles, which gave the best performance at high temperature, were chosen for the manufacture of TRCs. The experimental results showed a hardening behavior with three or two phases at moderate temperature and a brittle behavior at higher temperature of 500 °C. In thermomechanical regime at constant force, two TRC composites can resist longer than carbon textiles alone thanks to good thermal insulation of refractory matrix. By comparing the two results on the TRC specimens, the effect of textile reinforcement (reinforcement ratio, treatment product and textile geometry) on the thermomechanical behavior was analyzed. All the experimental results of this part were used to validate and compare with those obtained from the numerical model. The purpose of the numerical modeling part is to predict the global thermomechanical
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Manh Tien Tran. Caractérisation expérimentale et modélisation numérique du comportement thermomécanique à haute température des matériaux composites renforcés par des fibres. Matériaux. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE1111⟩. ⟨tel-02341216v2⟩

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