Dinâmica territorial da pesca na região transfronteiriça do norte do Brasil : a pesca artesanal e conflitos de uso dos recursos pesqueiros, desafios para a gestão sustentável

Abstract : Sea fishing is often characterized by the unsustainable exploitation of fishing resources in most parts of the world. The strong demand forseafood causes the fishing industry to grow, which is steadily constraining its own geographical limits and its technical capacities,generating conflicts caused by the massive exploitation of fishing areas that, until recently, were only occupied by artisanal fishermen.The Amazonian border region in northern Brazil illustrates this context, while artisanal fishermen in Oiapoque (north of the state ofAmapá) are subject to the invasion of fishermen from different regions. The thesis addresses the artisanal fishing dynamics in Oiapoque,based on the concept of territory, through the relations engaged in by the fishermen, the productive chain, the forms of conflict for thefishing area, the restrictions imposed by the general regulations in a protected area. This work is qualitative and quantitative methodology:direct observation, questionnaires, interviews and maps. This research highlights many shortcomings in the current system (publicpolicies, resource and ecosystem assessment, etc.) in order to understand, monitor and sustainably manage the resource. Theseshortcomings encourage the disorderly exploitation of fishing resources, which threatens the future of artisanal fishermen and marinebiodiversity. Local artisanal fishermen are now under a fairer and more stringent enforcement of the regulations in the protected areaaimed at preserving its use, while avoiding overfishing.
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Viviane Amanajas. Dinâmica territorial da pesca na região transfronteiriça do norte do Brasil : a pesca artesanal e conflitos de uso dos recursos pesqueiros, desafios para a gestão sustentável. Geography. Université du Maine; Universidade federal do Ceará, 2019. Portuguese. ⟨NNT : 2019LEMA3008⟩. ⟨tel-02310354v2⟩

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