Import des ARNt dans Plasmodium : sélection à l'entrée ?

Abstract : My study focused on the specificity of the interaction between two proteins of the malaria parasite (Plasmodium), tRip (tRNA import protein) and the apicoplastic tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (api-TyrRS), with the transfer RNA (tRNA). Plasmodium is an intracellular parasite with a vestigial organelle, the apicoplast, which has its own translation system. The messenger RNA sequence was adapted to produce api-TyrRS in vitro, and I studied the specificity of apicoplastic tRNATyr recognition, which avoids erroneous interactions rather than favoring the correct ones. The tRip protein is located on the surface of the parasite, and is responsible for importing tRNAs from the host. My results suggest that this import takes place during the blood phase of the parasite. In addition, not all tRNAs are recognized uniformly. The post-transcriptional modifications of the tRNAs define the affinity of tRip, and potentialy, the import rate of this tRNA. Finally, I identified a short nucleotide sequence that binds specifically to tRip. It is a good starting point for designing a molecule that specifically targets the malaria parasite.
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Marta Cela Madinaveitia. Import des ARNt dans Plasmodium : sélection à l'entrée ?. Microbiologie et Parasitologie. Université de Strasbourg, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018STRAJ067⟩. ⟨tel-02292791v2⟩

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