Élaboration de surfaces nanostructurées d'alumine, caractérisation et modélisation de la mouillabilité

Abstract : In this work, we have described and carried out the fabrication of nanostructured alumina surfaces by anodizing highly pure aluminum foils. The pore diameter, depth and spacing are finely controled through experimental parameters. These nanotextured surfaces allowed a thorough study of the solid-liquid interactions within the pores and of the contact-line constrained by the surface nanoasperities. Equilibrium contact-angle and wetting hysteresis measurements were helpful to apprehend them. Modeling the results has revealed the inability of classical CASSIE, WENZEL and capillarity models to properly match the situation. Adding the controversial line-tension term solves the problem and provides good predictions. Anyway, this interpretation is not unique. A lower surface energy within the pores due to their strong curvature yields the same modeling quality. This case has been theoretically investigated through the integration of VAN DER WAALS’ forces. A surface-energy decrease has been calculated but it is not as strong as required. The model still can be improved. Hysteresis measurements have highlighted the nanoporous surfaces are strongly adhesive. Because of the pore size, the capillarity is very marked and keeps the contact line from receding. The advancing contact angles have shown that the contact-line thickness is negligible with respect of ten nanometres. In addition, it can circumvent the pore openings which involves strong liquid–gas interface curvatures at the drop base. The three-dimensional liquid–gas interface shape has been studied with a numerical model that still has to be enhanced.
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Vincent Raspal. Élaboration de surfaces nanostructurées d'alumine, caractérisation et modélisation de la mouillabilité. Autre. Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013CLF1PP02⟩. ⟨tel-02289839⟩

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