Du trotskysme à la social-démocratie : le courant lambertiste en France jusqu'en 1963

Abstract : This thesis studies a specific group of the French extreme left most often called « lambertist » after the name of its principal leader, Pierre Lambert. This research examines its genesis in the wake of the Liberation to its development until 1963. This organization is built around several convictions like an affirmed anti-stalinism, the necessity of a rigorous functioning, the will to act for the working class and the priority given to the unionist action. During the studied period, it acquires other characteristics such as anticlericalism, a lack of interest in colonial revolutions or a skepticism towards modernity. Above all, when the leadership of the fourth International trotskyist claims that the international communist movement can play a progressive role, the lambertists take their independence from these leaders. From now on, they keep criticizing the pablists, Michel Pablo being the leader of the fourth. Otherwise, the lambertists associate with a movement of anarchists, revolutionary trade unionists and left-wing socialists. In this way, they get closer to the reformists first in the trade union field, then, in favor of the Algerian war, in the political sphere. At the end of the studied period, the group is about to become an ally of social democracy at the extreme left.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 11, 2019 - 9:13:07 AM
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Jean Hentzgen. Du trotskysme à la social-démocratie : le courant lambertiste en France jusqu'en 1963. Histoire. Normandie Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMLH08⟩. ⟨tel-02283662⟩

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