Vulnérabilité résidentielle des ménages et trappes à pauvreté en milieu urbain. Les "bas-quartiers" d'Antananarivo

Abstract : This thesis aims at clarifying how the precarious dwelling areas generate residential poverty traps. Through multidimensional and multiscale approaches, we demonstrate how some external factors, including the habitat, may contribute to the households’ vulnerability. In fact, studying vulnerability in such areas requires addressing a wide range of factors that determine their capabilities sets when confronted to social, economic or environmental risks. Those latter are particularly numerous in precarious areas and compromise the households’ possibilities to get out of poverty. We build a typology of households’ vulnerability based on cumulative risks. We compare the results from a statistical survey to households’ discourse analyses. As for the statistical database, we refer to a survey conducted for the Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme (PSUP) on habitat conditions in the precarious districts of Antananarivo. The discourses are used to carry a retrospective analysis of the households’ trajectories. These approaches will finally allow a reflection on the urban policy designed to fight against the “urban poverty trap effect” and address the challenge of a socially sustainable development.
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Nathalie Rabemalanto. Vulnérabilité résidentielle des ménages et trappes à pauvreté en milieu urbain. Les "bas-quartiers" d'Antananarivo. Economies et finances. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLV022⟩. ⟨tel-02275812⟩

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