Enjeux et dynamiques de la prise en compte et du rejet de la pluralité linguistique et culturelle des enfants dans les pratiques d’éducation scolaire et de soin orthophonique : Algérie-France : comparais(s)on

Abstract : This work provides an overview on consideration of children’s plurilinguism in the frame of french and algerian school education and speech-therapist care. We analyse how professionals of education and care we interviewed act with, or react to children’s different languages and cultures. The main issues we approached are norms, strangeness or « deviation », and translation. In these educational and care frames, which are bound, we aim to think about children’s possibilities of « deviations » and dissensus, which are at the same time conditions and stimulations of politics and culture. In other words, how speech therapists and « ordinary » teachers act with and react to children who don’t correspond to norms or to the linguistic and cultural norm waited and required from french « national education » and french society ? Language being a permanent creation, do these teachers and speech therapists consider that there is a linguistic and language « order », influenced by a monolingual conception of society ? What part of freedom, creation and unexpectedness, all three that can also define a certain idea of politics, do teachers and speech therapists give to children about their languages ? To consider and throw light on these issues, we will be using the figure of pupils french educational system call « allophones » as a reflecting mirror to reveal implicit norms of the contexts we’ve been studying.
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Matthieu Marchadour. Enjeux et dynamiques de la prise en compte et du rejet de la pluralité linguistique et culturelle des enfants dans les pratiques d’éducation scolaire et de soin orthophonique : Algérie-France : comparais(s)on. Linguistique. Université Rennes 2; Université d'Alger 2. Département de français, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018REN20041⟩. ⟨tel-02275783v2⟩

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