Self-supervised learning of predictive segmentation models from video

Abstract : Predictive models of the environment hold promise for allowing the transfer of recent reinforcement learning successes to many real-world contexts, by decreasing the number of interactions needed with the real world.Video prediction has been studied in recent years as a particular case of such predictive models, with broad applications in robotics and navigation systems.While RGB frames are easy to acquire and hold a lot of information, they are extremely challenging to predict, and cannot be directly interpreted by downstream applications.Here we introduce the novel tasks of predicting semantic and instance segmentation of future frames.The abstract feature spaces we consider are better suited for recursive prediction and allow us to develop models which convincingly predict segmentations up to half a second into the future.Predictions are more easily interpretable by downstream algorithms and remain rich, spatially detailed and easy to obtain, relying on state-of-the-art segmentation methods.We first focus on the task of semantic segmentation, for which we propose a discriminative approach based on adversarial training.Then, we introduce the novel task of predicting future semantic segmentation, and develop an autoregressive convolutional neural network to address it.Finally, we extend our method to the more challenging problem of predicting future instance segmentation, which additionally segments out individual objects.To deal with a varying number of output labels per image, we develop a predictive model in the space of high-level convolutional image features of the Mask R-CNN instance segmentation model.We are able to produce visually pleasing segmentations at a high resolution for complex scenes involving a large number of instances, and with convincing accuracy up to half a second ahead.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 4, 2019 - 2:02:07 PM
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Pauline Luc. Self-supervised learning of predictive segmentation models from video. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition [cs.CV]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAM024⟩. ⟨tel-02196890v2⟩

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