Modélisation des ports de Brest (France), Rosario et Mar del Plata (Argentine) en tant que macro systèmes technologiques complexes : application à la modélisation des connaissances pour l'histoire des sciences et des techniques

Abstract : This thesis is part of the F. Viète Centre's "Comparative History of Port Cultural Landscapes" programme and focuses on understanding the scientific and technological evolution of the ports of Brest (France), Mar del Plata and Rosario in Argentina in contemporary times. The research hypothesis is to consider a port as a complex technological macro-system whose spatial and temporal evolution as an artifact is part of the history of science and technology. These artifacts are considered as significant indicators of this evolution.The objective of this thesis is to build a comparative history of ports, to propose and validate new research methods in digital humanities. To meet these objectives, we have produced a comparative history of the considered ports.Then, we have developed a model for the evolution of these ports, called HST-PORT, based on the SHS meta-model ANY-ARTEFACT. Based on the HSTPORT model, we have developed a reference ontology, called PHO (Port History Ontology). The latter is based on the CIDOC-CRM ontology and therefore uses the corresponding event model. This ontology has been successfully evaluated by reproducing the comparative history of the considered ports made by historians. In the long term, it will be necessary to design new information systems based on these ontologies and the semantic web to index, publish and query historical sources to produce a comparative history.
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Bruno Rohou. Modélisation des ports de Brest (France), Rosario et Mar del Plata (Argentine) en tant que macro systèmes technologiques complexes : application à la modélisation des connaissances pour l'histoire des sciences et des techniques. Histoire. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018BRES0103⟩. ⟨tel-02106927v2⟩

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