Protéger les petites îles de méditerranée occidentale : de l'identification des enjeux de la conservation de la biodiversité insulaire à la mise en place d'actions de protection

Abstract : Under strong and increasing human pressure, the Mediterranean environment, famous for its richnessis threatened especially along continental areas and larger islands. Small islands and islets appear asthe last refuges of endemic and endangered biodiversity. In this context, the European andInternational delegation of Conservatoire du Littoral created the PIM Initiative, a program to promotethe exchange of best practices for the protection of these territories.Therefore, even the Mediterranean nature composed of the islands, and particularly the smaller ones,has become an environmental issue discussed on the national and international political stage. Islandshave occupied a specific place in the accrual of scientific knowledge in natural and social sciences oftoday, which are highlighted in many environmental policies.The resultant research work is part of the PIM Initiative and was performed in the frame of a CIFREprogram for three years. The main goal of the operational work was the realization of anencyclopaedic atlas of small islands in the western Mediterranean basin. Its aim was to buildconservation strategies by using environmental data. These strategies must be the basis for theprotection of biodiversity in these territories. So, the sciences stakeholders should become central inthe development of new conservation policies. This research work raises the question of the placesoccupied by scientists in the process of setting up environmental policies. From the construction of theissue to the implementation of concrete conservation actions, scientists play different roles. A typologyof the roles occupied by scientists is established based on the analysis of several environmentalactions developed in order to protect the biodiversity of small Mediterranean islands. Occasionallyscientists are involved upstream of the environmental policy by guiding the decision. Sometimes theyare more integrated in the action and the ecological regards that they raise are viewed as one elementamong other such as social acceptability. Finally, in some cases, scientists become a guarantee andjustify the environmental action.
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Orianne Crouteix. Protéger les petites îles de méditerranée occidentale : de l'identification des enjeux de la conservation de la biodiversité insulaire à la mise en place d'actions de protection. Géographie. Université de Limoges, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIMO0001⟩. ⟨tel-02053252⟩

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