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Nanofils de semiconducteurs III-V épitaxiés sur Si(111) pour la photonique sur silicium

Abstract : Microelectronics encounter growing issues with components miniaturization. Silicon photonics offer to avoid them by taking the photon as the information carrier, but the sources are challenging to make. This thesis thus focused on the realization by vapor-liquid-solid assisted molecular beam epitaxy and the characterization by photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL) of InAs/InP quantum dots in nanowires (QD-NW) on (111) oriented silicon, with the aim of monolithic integration of light sources. Pure wurtzite InP NWs have first been vertically grown on Si(111) with a gold-indium droplet catalyst. The preliminary formation of InP pedestals by the crystallization of the droplets, and the migration of gold at the top of the pedestals to catalyze the growth, have been evidenced. The NWs diameter has then been increased so they behave as bulk InP regarding optomechanical properties. The NWs have been put under hydrostatic pressure to several GPa to determine little known InP wurtzite parameters. The growth optimization of the InAs/InP QD-NW system has then been realized. QDs with various height and very sharp interfaces have been obtained. PL studies show more or less complex spectra, according to the QDs' height, as well as a height-tunable polarization. The last goal was to enhance the efficiency of the InAs/InP QD-NWs thanks to the photonic effect brought by an amorphous silicon shell. PL studies revealed a high signal loss and the disappearance of the polarization anisotropy of the QD-NWs emission after deposition. Several hypothesis are discussed.
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Amaury Mavel. Nanofils de semiconducteurs III-V épitaxiés sur Si(111) pour la photonique sur silicium. Matériaux. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEI015⟩. ⟨tel-01920881⟩

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