Etude du front de minéralisation du tissu osseux et des modèles biomimétiques associés

Abstract : This work aims to understand: How is reached the plywood architecture in bone? How is bone apatite formed and what is the effect of the environment on apatite formation? Thus, histological bone thin sections were investigated focusing on the interface between the osteoid and mature bone tissues. Our results show that this interface is acidic and collagenic but not in the form of fibrils. Thus, we propose a new mechanism for bone formation in bone remodelling where osteoclasts dissolution and new fibrils formation from osteoblasts lead to the formation of an acidic collagen mesophase in which apatite is then formed. In such mechanism, apatite forms from an acidic solution in interaction with an organic matrix (collagen molecules, citrate and non-collagenous proteins). Acidic biomimetic models have been set and the apatite formation has been followed in vitro using in situ Raman and ssNMR spectroscopies. Without organic molecules, biomimetic apatite is formed through the precipitation of an amorphous phase (ACP) that transforms into OCP which then turns into apatite. With pAsp, the same scenario is observed but the nucleation is delayed and residual OCP is stabilized. With a high concentration of citrate, only ACP is observed whereas with a lower concentration formation of OCP is inhibited. The same sequence is also observed with collagen but the final product is a more disorganized apatite. Apatite formation in dense and organized collagen solutions leads to the formation of a liquid ionic solution stable at basic pH during the first 72 hours explaining the resulting apatite/collagen co-alignement.
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Marc Robin. Etude du front de minéralisation du tissu osseux et des modèles biomimétiques associés. Chimie thérapeutique. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066635⟩. ⟨tel-01907278v2⟩

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