The Reduced basis method applied to aerothermal simulations

Abstract : We present in this thesis our work on model order reduction for aerothermal simulations. We consider the coupling between the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations and an advection-diffusion equation for the temperature. Since the physical parameters induce high Reynolds and Peclet numbers, we have to introduce stabilization operators in the formulation to deal with the well known numerical stability issue. The chosen stabilization, applied to both fluid and heat equations, is the usual Streamline-Upwind/Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) which add artificial diffusivity in the direction of the convection field. We also introduce our order reduction strategy for this model, based on the Reduced Basis Method (RBM). To recover an affine decomposition for this complex model, we implemented a discrete variation of the Empirical Interpolation Method (EIM) which is a discrete version of the original EIM. This variant allows building an approximated affine decomposition for complex operators such as in the case of SUPG. We also use this method for the non-linear operators induced by the shock capturing method. The construction of an EIM basis for non-linear operators involves a potentially huge number of non-linear FEM resolutions - depending on the size of the sampling. Even if this basis is built during an offline phase, we usually can not afford such expensive computational cost. We took advantage of the recent development of the Simultaneous EIM Reduced basis algorithm (SER) to tackle this issue.
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Jean-Baptiste Wahl. The Reduced basis method applied to aerothermal simulations. Thermics [physics.class-ph]. Université de Strasbourg, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018STRAD024⟩. ⟨tel-01869098v3⟩

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