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Lyrisme et politique en cinéma : Duras, Garrel, Godard, années 1970-1980

Abstract : This dissertation articulates the concept of lyricism and a political approach of the real in cinema. In order to study more specifically the issues of « poetry cinema », it proposes a reading of the literary theory of lyricism through a critique of the conceptual polarization of subjectivity. Starting with a study of the interdependence of poetics and politics in Hölderlin, Rimbaud and the Surrealists’ works, I put forward the notion of « objective lyricism » to understand how film can move away from the discursive paradigm of activism and forge a critical evaluation of political issues by way of their esthetics. By analyzing a number of films by Marguerite Duras, Philippe Garrel et Jean-Luc Godard, all made in the years just after 1968, when activism receded, I show how their formal legacies influenced the depiction of politics by withdrawing the narrative structure to the profit of a logic of sensation. Furthermore, I intend to demonstrate how in Marguerite Duras’ films political subjectivation is achieved by a lyrical voice rooted in a radical thinking of negativity. If the resurgence of a romantic legacy and of the cryptic side of surrealism in Philippe Garrel’s films lead to an experiential approach of politics, the re-actualization of the surrealist theory of the image-as-interaction and Rimbaud’s principles of the subject’s decentering push Jean-Luc Godard to a dialectization of lyricism, articulating a sensitive positivity to an objectifying critique.
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Agnès Perrais. Lyrisme et politique en cinéma : Duras, Garrel, Godard, années 1970-1980. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0338⟩. ⟨tel-01785875⟩

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