Coordination inside centralized radio access networks with limited fronthaul capacity

Jialong Duan 1, 2
2 ADOPNET - Advanced technologies for operated networks
UR1 - Université de Rennes 1, IMT Atlantique - IMT Atlantique Bretagne-Pays de la Loire, IRISA-D2 - RÉSEAUX, TÉLÉCOMMUNICATION ET SERVICES
Abstract : Centralized/Cloud Radio Access Network (C-RAN) is a promising mobile network architecture, which can potentially increase the capacity of mobile networks while reducing operators¿ cost and energy consumption. However, the feasibility of C-RAN is limited by the large bit rate requirement in the fronthaul. The objective of this thesis is to improve C-RAN performance while considering fronthaul throughput reduction, fronthaul capacity allocation and users scheduling.We first investigate new functional split architectures between Remote Radio Heads (RRHs) and Baseband Units (BBU) on the uplink to reduce the transmission throughput in fronthaul. Some low layer functions are moved from the BBU to RRHs and a quantitative analysis is provided to illustrate the performance gains. We then focus on Coordinated Multi-point (CoMP) transmissions on the downlink. CoMP can improve spectral efficiency but needs tight coordination between different cells, which is facilitated by C-RAN only if high fronthaul capacity is available. We compare different transmission strategies without and with multi-cell coordination. Simulation results show that CoMP should be preferred for users located in cell edge areas and when fronthaul capacity is high. We propose a hybrid transmission strategy where users are divided into two parts based on statistical Channel State Informations (CSIs). The users located in cell center areas are served by one transmission point with simple coordinated scheduling and those located in cell edge areas are served with CoMP joint transmission. This proposed hybrid transmission strategy offers a good trade-off between users¿ transmission rates and fronthaul capacity cost.
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Jialong Duan. Coordination inside centralized radio access networks with limited fronthaul capacity. Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]. Ecole nationale supérieure Mines-Télécom Atlantique, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017IMTA0052⟩. ⟨tel-01784712v2⟩

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