Les désignations des plantes sauvages dans les variétés arbëreshe (albanais d'Italie) : étude sémantique et motivationnelle

Maria Luisa Pignoli 1
1 BCL, équipe Dialectologie et Linguistique formelle
BCL - Bases, Corpus, Langage (UMR 7320 - UNS / CNRS)
Abstract : This thesis studies the names of wild plants from a motivational semantics perspective. This research was carried out in eight of the fifty Albanian minority villages in the south of Italy. The interest in ethnoclassifications has increased since geolinguistics began to structure its scientific contribution through multilingual atlases (ALE and ALiR). These trans-national enterprises consider the fundamental role that semantic motivation plays during the lexical creation.In order to analyse arbëreshë wild plants’ names, we adopted, on the one hand, M. Alinei’s approach, which focuses on the cultural representations underlying the plants’ names and, on the other, the approach proposed by P. Guiraud and J. Ph. Dalbera focusing on the process based on cyclic remotivation of lexicon in a linguistic system. The fact that we did not have a corpus of substantial dimensions and we could not appeal to extensive diachronic information showed us the difficulty in the application of Guiraud and Dalbera’s approach to the reconstruction of arbëresh plants’ names. On the contrary, Alinei’s approach allowed highlighting three types of motivations characterizing arbëreshë plants’ names: phytomorphic or descriptive, zoomorphic and anthropomorphic motivations, which appear already in literature in both
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Maria Luisa Pignoli. Les désignations des plantes sauvages dans les variétés arbëreshe (albanais d'Italie) : étude sémantique et motivationnelle. Linguistique. Université Côte d'Azur, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017AZUR2044⟩. ⟨tel-01761727⟩

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