Etude mathématique du problème de couplage océan-atmosphère incluant les échelles turbulentes

Charles Pelletier 1, 2
2 AIRSEA - Mathematics and computing applied to oceanic and atmospheric flows
Grenoble INP - Institut polytechnique de Grenoble - Grenoble Institute of Technology, UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes, LJK - Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes
Abstract : This thesis focuses on the numerical modelling of the air-sea coupling. Although they share some common features, these two physical environments are sufficiently dissimilar for their numerical treatment to be carried out by distinct models, each including their own specificities. The interactions between these two components are thus taken into account through coupling algorithms.Implementing such algorithms requires proper understanding of the oceanic and atmospheric modelling, most importantly in the vicinity of their common interface. Therefore a substantial part of this thesis dissects, analyzes and completes turbulent parameterization schemes, which are the numerical mechanisms, defined at a continuous level, through which the turbulent surface layer at the vicinity of the sea surface is treated. Two theoretically and numerically meaningful sources of errors in the standard numerical modelling of the air-sea interface have been isolated.The first source of error lies in the continuous formulation of the turbulent parameterizations, which are currently used in an incomplete manner, leading to mathematically irregular solution profiles. By carefully studying their theoretical bases, this thesis extends the parameterizations, allowing them to generate regular profiles within a standardized, bi-domain framework. Numerical investigations on physically relevant test cases show that including such an extension can result in considerable bias (of the order of 20%) in air-sea fluxes evaluations. From a theoretical perspective, carrying this extension leads to establishing simple criteria under which the air-sea coupling can be considered as coherent with respect to the two physical environments, and more importantly, to the turbulent parameterizations.The second source of error is algorithmic in essence: it is linked to the temporal discretization of the coupling mechanisms. Existing ad hoc methods do not guarantee perfect coherence of the air-sea fluxes from one model to the other. Global in time Schwarz algorithms, which have first been developed as domain decomposition methods, are good candidates for correcting these flaws, although their implementation to the air-sea context is a considerable challenge, given the complexity of this problem. Investigations on the numerical impact of such algorithms are carried out on simplified test cases. Thanks to the undertaken work on turbulent parameterizations, perspectives on the development of coupling algorithms are given, regarding both their coherence as per the aforementioned conditions, and the gradually increasing complexity of physical effects that are accounted for.
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Charles Pelletier. Etude mathématique du problème de couplage océan-atmosphère incluant les échelles turbulentes. Modélisation et simulation. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAM014⟩. ⟨tel-01717274v2⟩

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