Investigation of ternary AlInN and quaternary AlGaInN alloys for High Electron Mobility Transistors by Transmission Electron Microscopy

Abstract : Group III-Nitrides and their alloys exhibit outstanding properties and are being extensively investigated since the 90’s. In comparison to other III-V semiconductors, III-nitrides (AlGaN, InGaN, and AlInN) cover from deep ultraviolet (UV) to near infrared (IR) across the visible range of wavelengths. Thus, they are suitable for numerous applications both in civilian and military fields showing higher performances. Moreover, the quaternary alloy AlGaInN shows versatile properties as it can grow either lattice or polarization or bandgap matched to GaN. Alongside to AlInN, these two alloys are expected to replace conventional AlGaN/GaN High Electron Mobility Transistors (HEMT) barriers as higher performances have been theoretically demonstrated. In this work, we have studied AlInN and AlGaInN grown by metal organic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE) using mainly TEM. The aim was to characterize defects and the MOVPE growth alloying process. In this instance, the gallium incorporation in the barrier due to the geometry of the growth chamber leading to a quaternary alloy was studied. The control of the gallium content is achieved by a cleaning process between runs or by the growth condition. Defects were then differentiated as extrinsic and intrinsic. In this way, dislocations and inversion domains from the GaN buffer layer generate extrinsic defects, while, pinhole not connected to dislocations and individual hillocks responsible of surface roughening are termed as intrinsic. The origins of the latter defects depend strongly on the physical mismatches of the end-binary compound. These systematic degradations happen also with optimized growth conditions as soon as the nominal composition is changed and/or the thickness is increased. Our work proposes different mechanisms to explain defects generation processes which constitutes a forward step for higher quality HEMTs.
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Contributor : Hichem Ben Ammar <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 8, 2018 - 2:32:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 5, 2019 - 12:12:30 PM
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Hichem Ben Ammar. Investigation of ternary AlInN and quaternary AlGaInN alloys for High Electron Mobility Transistors by Transmission Electron Microscopy. Materials Science [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Normandie Université, 2017. English. ⟨tel-01698831v2⟩

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