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Electronic properties of quasicrystals

Abstract : We consider the problem of a single electron on one and two-dimensional quasiperiodic tilings. We first introduce quasiperiodic tilings from a geometrical point of view, and point out that among aperiodic tilings, they are the closest to being periodic. Focusing on one of the simplest one-dimensional quasiperiodic tilings, the Fibonacci chain, we show, with the help of a renormalization group analysis, that the multifractality of the electronic states is a direct consequence of the scale invariance of the chain. Considering now a broader class of quasiperiodic chains, we study the gap labeling theorem, which relates the geometry of a given chain to the set of values the integrated density of states can take in the gaps of the electronic spectrum. More precisely, we study how this theorem is modified when considering a sequence of approximant chains approaching a quasiperiodic one. Finally, we show how geometrical height fields can be used to construct exact eigenstates on one and two-dimensional quasiperiodic tilings. These states are robust to perturbations of the Hamiltonian, provided that they respect the symmetries of the underlying tiling. These states are critical, and we relate their fractal dimensions to the probability distribution of the height field, which we compute exactly. In the case of quasiperiodic chains, we show that the conductivity follows a scaling law, with an exponent given by the same probability distribution.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01681120, version 1

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Nicolas Macé. Electronic properties of quasicrystals. Disordered Systems and Neural Networks [cond-mat.dis-nn]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS313⟩. ⟨tel-01681120v1⟩

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