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Identification of a dual role of the E3-ubiquitin ligase Mindbomb in the zebrafish neural tube morphogenesis

Abstract : In this Ph.D. project, I study the functional link between epithelial polarity and Delta-Notch signaling in the context of zebrafish neural tube morphogenesis. Notch signaling, one of the major signaling pathways and of prime importance in neurogenesis, has been widely studied for its function in cell fate specifications. Surprisingly, I found that the Notch signaling component Mindbomb (Mib) loss-of-function led to a loss of apico-basal polarity in the neuroepithelium of the embryonic spinal cord. I further explored that the activity of the entire Notch signaling pathway is actually required for the earliest steps of establishment of apico-basal polarity in the zebrafish neural tube. Indeed, inhibition of Notch ligands and downstream transcriptional activators Rbpja and Rbpjb resulted in a disruption of apico-basal polarity. Moreover, ectopic activation of Notch ensued to a complete rescue of apico-basal polarity in Mib loss of function embryos. Furthermore, Mib mutant embryos fail to upregulate the transcription of the apical polarity proteins Crumbs1 and Crumbs2a in the course of neural tube formation, suggesting that Notch signalling might act upstream of polarity complexes. Moreover, I found that Mib affects convergent-extension movements and oriented cell divisions during neurulation and gastrulation through an effect on planar cell polarity. Remarkably, this effect of Mib on PCP is independent of its role in Notch signaling. These results indicate a novel role of Mib in the regulation of PCP signaling. Altogether, this study revealed a dual role of Mib in the epithelial morphogenesis of the zebrafish neural tube.
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Priyanka Sharma. Identification of a dual role of the E3-ubiquitin ligase Mindbomb in the zebrafish neural tube morphogenesis. Agricultural sciences. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015NICE4069⟩. ⟨tel-01673814v2⟩

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