Chimie du milieu interstellaire : du diffus au dense

Abstract : The chemical evolution from the most diffuse parts of the interstellar medium tothe formation of dense clouds is a continuous process : the chemical composition inone phase depends on the chemical composition in the previous one.However, most studies of the time dependent chemistry in the cold and dense interstellarmedium make strong assumptions on the transition between diffuse and densemedium.The goal of my thesis was to study the chemical evolution of the interstellar mediumfrom the most diffuse parts to the formation of dense clouds in a continuousway.To do so, I used a time dependent gas-grain model that I significantly contributedto improve for the treatment of the surface chemistry. In a first part, I followed a "classical"approach (i.e. : similar to most of the pre-existing studies) to model cold denseclouds. This allowed me to study in details the physical and the chemical mechanismsresponsible for the chemical complexity of dense clouds and to compare the modelpredictions with the existing literature. In a second part, I applied this model to followthe evolution of the chemical composition during the formation process of denseclouds from the diffuse medium. I used results from an hydrodynamical simulation ofthe interstellar medium at galactic scales. This study allowed me to show that the pastphysical history of each particles that form the dense clouds have a significant impacton their chemical composition.
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Maxime Ruaud. Chimie du milieu interstellaire : du diffus au dense. Autre. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0099⟩. ⟨tel-01401312⟩

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