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Influence de la stéréoscopie sur la perception du son : cas de mixages sonores pour le cinéma en relief

Abstract : Few psychoacoustic studies have been carried out about the influence of stereoscopy on the sound mixing of movies. Yet very different opinions can be found in the cinema industry and in scientific papers. Some argue that sound needs to be mixed differently for stereoscopic movies while others pretend that this influence is negligible.A first set of experiments was conducted, which focused on the perception of ambience. Eight sequences - in their stereoscopic (s-3D) and non-stereoscopic (2D) versions, with several different sound mixes - were presented to subjects. For each presentation, subjects had to judge to what extent the mix sounded frontal or “surround.” The goal was to verify whether stereoscopy had an influence on the perception of the front/surround balance of ambience. Results showed that this influence was weak, which was consistent with a preliminary experiment conducted in a mixing auditorium where subjects had to mix the front/surround balance of several sequences themselves.Studies were then conducted on the perception of sound objects such as dialogs or on-screen effects. A fourth experiment focused on ventriloquism in elevation: when presented with a spatially discordant auditory-visual stimulus, subjects sometimes perceive the sound and the visual stimuli as coming from the same location. Such a phenomenon is often referred to as ventriloquism, because it evokes the illusion created by a ventriloquist when his voice seems to emanate from his puppet rather than from his mouth. While this effect has been extensively examined in the horizontal plane and to a lesser extent in distance, few psychoacoustic studies have focused on elevation. In this experiment, sequences of a man talking were presented to subjects. His voice could be reproduced on different loudspeakers, which created disparities in both azimuth and elevation between the sound and the visual stimuli. For each presentation, subjects had to indicate whether or not the voice seemed to emanate from the mouth of the actor. Ventriloquism was found to be highly effective in elevation, which suggests that audiovisual coherence in elevation might be unnecessary in theaters.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 29, 2019 - 12:44:31 PM
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Etienne Hendrickx. Influence de la stéréoscopie sur la perception du son : cas de mixages sonores pour le cinéma en relief. Acoustique [physics.class-ph]. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BRES0078⟩. ⟨tel-01345893v2⟩



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