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Measurement of the Dark Energy Equation of State Using the Full SNLS Supernova Sample

Abstract : A significant open question of modern cosmology is explaining the accelerated expansion of the universe in late times. The discovery of this acceleration was made using supernova measurements, which continue to be the most significant probe with which to characterize this acceleration. This thesis concerns itself with presenting the final analysis of the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) which will be published in 2015. We begin by presenting the theoretical foundations of modern cosmology, with special emphasis on the challenges presented by acceleration. We then introduce type Ia supernovae (SNIa) and motivate their use as probes of cosmic expansion. Afterwards, we give an overview of the SNLS experiment. We then move on to the technical aspects of the analysis that was carried out. We start by exploring the process of photometry, with which supernova measurements are made. Here we look at the newly implemented photometry method that avoids resampling images. We also explore simulations aimed at ensuring the method’s linearity up to less than 1 per mille. We then explain the calibration process associated with these measurements using field stars calibrated up to the 3.5 per mille level. Finally, we end with an in depth look at the cosmology analysis itself, which utilizes all the tools we have explored to extract cosmological parameters from the data. To estimate the constraining power of the SNLS experiment, we undertake a preliminary analysis of the data by constructing a Hubble diagram using 960 supernovae, of which 450 come from the SNLS. Combining this Hubble diagram with constraints from other cosmological probes leads to an uncertainty on the equation of state parameter of dark energy of 0.048, its most preciseconstraint to date.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01127401, version 1

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Patrick El Hage. Measurement of the Dark Energy Equation of State Using the Full SNLS Supernova Sample. Cosmology and Extra-Galactic Astrophysics [astro-ph.CO]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014PA066382⟩. ⟨tel-01127401⟩

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