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New physics between Cosmology and the LHC : axions, neutrinos et Z'

Abstract : During the three years as a PhD student I had the pleasure to work on three major projects which are united in the goal to better constrain new physics models between cosmology and the LHC. The similar values of dark matter and baryon relic abundances raise the question whether there is a link between them. We attempt to explain the observed values by relating leptogenesis to the WIMP miracle which gives naturally the right relic abundance. If the baryon asymmetry is produced in electroweak-scale-out-of-equilibrium decays and dark matter is made of WIMPs, both relic densities are controlled by electroweak scale interactions going out of equilibrium. We construct a TeV-scale leptogenesis model using an inverse-seesaw extension of the SM with additional singlets. To produce a large enough asymmetry we require CP violation ∼ O(1) which is difficult to achieve in our set-up. Axions as well as WIMPs are well motivated dark matter candidates. It would be very useful to be able to tell them apart. Sikivie argues that if axions are in a Bose-Einstein condensate they could form a different galactic dark matter halo than WIMPs and that gravitational interactions drive axions into a Bose-Einstein condensate. However for the formation of such a condensate entropy generation is needed which leading order gravitational interactions do not provide. We explore the entropy generation of gravitational interactions by estimating a dissipation scale in the axion fluid due to the presence of a anisotropic stress. We cannot confirm a fast gravitational thermalisation rate. New neutral gauge bosons like the Z' are generic extensions of the standard model which appear in many different models. Traditionally these particles are searched for in resonant searches at colliders, i.e. by producing the particles on-shell and looking for a resonance in the invariant mass spectrum of their decay products. However the presence of a Z' can also affect other kinematic observables without being actually produced on-shell, i.e. non-resonant searches. We compare compare resonant and non-resonant searches at the LHC and find that while for small couplings resonant searches are more sensitive, for larger couplings non-resonant searches are more efficient
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01071269
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 3, 2015 - 1:33:16 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01071269, version 2

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Martin Elmer. New physics between Cosmology and the LHC : axions, neutrinos et Z'. Nuclear Theory [nucl-th]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014LYO10178⟩. ⟨tel-01071269v2⟩

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