Réguler l'accès à la terre, la réinvention locale du corporatisme agricole

Abstract : The processes of construction of French agricultural policies are increasingly based on territorial considerations. They are impacted by specific local environmental/ecological constraints within the framework of the European Common Agricultural Policy, as well as by the involvement of local government officials in the support of local agricultural projects. This thesis analyses the involvement of farmers' organizations in local political processes. In a context of strong competition for access to farmland around cities, this thesis concerns specifically the regulation of farmland occupation and transmission. The specificity of this research is that the state delegates two main powers to local organizations: the local government is in charge of spatial planning; the major farmers' union controls the transmission of land between farmers. These observations are conducted through a study on a middle-sized town of western France: Angers. Different kinds of methods and results are combined: analysis of local statistical information, of local policy documents and farmers' organizations' orientation documents, and description of local mobilizations and of institutional processes. Whereas there is a pattern of larger participation processes in local policy-making, the regulation of access to farmland tends to be institutionalized in a scheme centred on only two main organizations: the local government and the local agriculture office, linked with the major farmers' union. Given the recent developments towards pluralism in French political thinking, this scheme appears paradoxical in a context where the social group of farmers is very diverse, and is also organized in separated productive groups. The representation of farmers is thus characterized by: 1) the overcoming of the barriers between productive groups : the local agriculture office encourages farmers of diverse social groups to work together to try to define common views in a territory-based group; 2) the exclusion of some local farmers. Hobby farming and farm relocation strategies are not considered as legitimate in this new territory based group. 3) The major influence of the dominant group of breeders in the fabrication of professional positions. This new configuration of local negotiations between local and professional authorities enables agreement on a few core values regarding land regulation (one of them is the legitimacy to regulate the land market), and the production of new ways to regulate the accession to farmland combining means from local governments and from farmers' unions. This political process appears to be a resurgence of a French historical scheme to control land accession : Corporatism on a local scale.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01061395, version 1

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Bertille Thareau. Réguler l'accès à la terre, la réinvention locale du corporatisme agricole. Sociologie. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-01061395⟩

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