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Développement d'un modèle de Boltzmann sur gaz réseau pour l'étude du changement de phase en présence de convection naturelle et de rayonnement

Abstract : Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions requires reduction of energy consumption. Energy storage on building walls allows reduction in energy consumption. Among storage techniques, latent heat storage offers higher energy storage density than sensible heat storage. INERTRANS project has proposed the development of an innovative facade, coupling transparent insulation and energy storage with a fatty acid phase change materials (PCM). Melting of PCM comprises different phenomena, namely, natural convection in the liquid phase and radiation absorption or transmission. The coupling of all this phenomena is not still studied in scientific literature. In this thesis, a 2D numerical model for studying phase change has been developed. This model uses the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) with multiple relaxation time (MRT) to resolve velocity field, and finite differences for the temperature field. Phase change is treated with the enthalpy formulation. The original contribution is application of this hybrid approach to the phase change with natural convection, on the one hand, and to the phase change with natural convection and radiation, on the other hand. To verify the model without radiation, a test case taken from literature has been simulated. It concerns the melting of two PCM with a low and high Prandtl number, the tin and octadecane, respectively. Tin melting simulation confirms multiple cells flow, starting with four rolls which merges in three then two rolls. Octadecane simulation shows high convection effect, with a melting front deforming all along the cavity height. Nusselt number plot for octadecane melting with convection is more than three times with conduction only. INERTRANS’ fatty acid simulation shows that convection shall not be neglected, because predicted heat flux with convection may be up to three times that predicted with conduction only. Melted fraction is almost twice than with conduction only. The lattice Boltzmann method applied to radiative heat transfer has also been explored. It turns out that in its current state, this method is not competitive compared to a conventional discrete ordinates method (DOM). Finally, we coupled the DOM for radiation heat flux, with the LBM for velocity field calculation and finite differences for the energy equation to solve the coupling between phase change, convection and radiation. Long wavelength radiation has no noticeable effect on heat transfer. Short wavelength radiation increases heat transfer, however, this increase is not as important as that produced by convection for this kind of material. Since no reference solution exists in the literature, our results can now serve as a basis for future work. An experimental validation would be a necessary perspective.
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Johann Miranda Fuentes. Développement d'un modèle de Boltzmann sur gaz réseau pour l'étude du changement de phase en présence de convection naturelle et de rayonnement. Autre [cond-mat.other]. INSA de Lyon, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ISAL0032⟩. ⟨tel-00961213⟩

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