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Synthèse et évaluation d'antalgiques originaux : les inhibiteurs de protéines à domaines PDZ

Abstract : Protein-protein interactions play a central role in the regulation of biological processes and represent a promissing class of therapeutic targets. It has been recently reported that disrupting the interaction between the PDZ protein PSD-95 and the serotonin receptor 5-HT2A induced an antihyperalgesic effect in diabetic rats. In this context, the development of original ligands capable to inhibit specifically this interaction could lead to a new class of analgesic compounds.We carried out the synthesis of three generations of ligands possessing an indole moiety in order to interact with the highly conserved carboxylate-binding loop (GLGF loop) of PSD-95. Two generations of compounds were developed to find out the position and the nature of the substituents furnishing the best interactions. One generation consists of a family of 15 biligands possessing a substituted indole moiety, coupled with a linker (having from 2 to 6 carbon atoms) via an amid function, ended with various amino acids to interact with the S1 site of the protein, in order to obtain specific ligands.By various biological evaluations, NMR HSQC 1H/15N, chromatography affinity assays and in vivo experiments, we identified two promising inhibitors of the interaction PSD-95/5-HT2A with strong interactions with S0 site of PSD-95. For these compounds, we determined the structure of the complex protein/ligand by NMR NOESY experiments. The orientation of one of these molecules in the S0 site allows us to envisage a new generation of ligands capable to interact with the S1 site of the protein.
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Alexandre Vogrig. Synthèse et évaluation d'antalgiques originaux : les inhibiteurs de protéines à domaines PDZ. Sciences agricoles. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012CLF22271⟩. ⟨tel-00803458⟩

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