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Gouvernements urbains en régime autoritaire. Le cas de la gestion des déchets ménagers en Égypte.

Abstract : This research is situated at the crossover between two issues in urban studies: urban government and networked public infrastructure. It explores the case of solid waste management reform in Egypt, through three case studies (Cairo, Giza and Alexandria) where the privatization of public utilities involving European companies has affected urban management. Before the Arab Spring (as the uprisings were called), Egypt was governed under an authoritarian and centralized regime, despite some surface economic and political reforms. In this context of an a priori absence of urban government, how can public policy be locally adapted to fit local needs? Developing a framework of analysis related to urban government, we study its formation and/or transformation and the condition through which public policies are translated into action on the ground through the reform of solid waste management. Defining this public utility as a ‟soft-network″, we postulate that it has characteristics, which allow it to shape urban government in its institutional and horizontal dimensions. Three results can be drawn from the research. Firstly, we show that the State played a central role, during implementation at the local level. However, the State lost control of a part of the utility management in the process. Secondly, this ‟soft-network″ was able to attain the objectives of a public utility, just as traditional ‟hard-networks″ do (water, sanitation, etc.). Thirdly, even under an authoritarian regime, this specific public networked utility did indeed participate in the local formation of urban government in Egypt in a kind of autonomy from the State.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00801650
Contributor : Lise Debout <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 5, 2013 - 11:24:32 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 25, 2020 - 7:07:49 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 6, 2017 - 3:35:15 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00801650, version 2

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Lise Debout. Gouvernements urbains en régime autoritaire. Le cas de la gestion des déchets ménagers en Égypte.. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00801650v2⟩

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