Fay's identity in the theory of integrable systems

Abstract : Fay's identity on Riemann surfaces is a powerful tool in the context of algebro-geometric solutions to integrable equations. This relation generalizes a well-known identity for the cross-ratio function in the complex plane. It allows to establish relations between theta functions and their derivatives. This offers a complementary approach to algebro-geometric solutions of integrable equations with certain advantages with respect to the use of Baker-Akhiezer functions. It has been successfully applied by Mumford et al. to the Korteweg-de Vries, Kadomtsev-Petviashvili and sine-Gordon equations. Following this approach, we construct algebro-geometric solutions to the Camassa-Holm and Dym type equations, as well as solutions to the multi-component nonlinear Schrödinger equation and the Davey-Stewartson equations. Solitonic limits of these solutions are investigated when the genus of the associated Riemann surface drops to zero. Moreover, we present a numerical evaluation of algebro-geometric solutions of integrable equations when the associated Riemann surface is real.
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Caroline Kalla. Fay's identity in the theory of integrable systems. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université de Bourgogne, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011DIJOS020⟩. ⟨tel-00622289v2⟩

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