Le syndrome de Saint-Domingue. Perceptions et représentations de la Révolution haïtienne dans le Monde atlantique, 1790-1886

Abstract : Until the last decade of the eighteenth century, Santo Domingo was the most prosperous plantation colony in the Americas. It was precisely in the north of this insular territory where in 1791 broke out the slave rebellion that perhaps marked the most the history of the New World. This event was followed by civil and military conflicts which, further on, led to the independence of Haiti in 1804. From the beginning of this social and political process, the situation of the Whites was affected, especially in the nearby slave societies who feared for their own inner peace and were alarmed by the violence of an insurgency which could led to an independent Republic ran exclusively by Blacks and Mulattos. Evidences of this widespread collective alarm can be found almost everywhere in the Greater Caribbean, as well as expressions of anxiety, fear and even of panic, also in the discourse held on this issue by the Whites. These evidences continued to happen throughout the nineteenth century, until slavery was abolished in each territory, and sometimes even later. They highlight the existence of a supranational traumatism related to the events occurred in the « Pearl of the Antilles », which has been described as a collective syndrome. Our work aims therefore to determine the real extent and consequences of this phenomenon, by analyzing in detail each of its manifestations in the various cultural areas of the Atlantic World (English and Spanish speaking), including its political repercussions, by using analytical tools particularly inspired in the cognitive sciences.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 1, 2011 - 7:46:07 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 17, 2019 - 2:47:19 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00555007, version 2

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Alejandro Gomez. Le syndrome de Saint-Domingue. Perceptions et représentations de la Révolution haïtienne dans le Monde atlantique, 1790-1886. Histoire. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00555007v2⟩

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