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L'Éducation à l'Environnement en Tunisie. Analyse des valeurs relatives à la nature et à l'environnement dans les conceptions d'enseignants et d'élèves et dans des manuels scolaires.

Abstract : In the first part, this thesis presents in Arabic and French various significations of nature and environment terms. For example, in Arabic, there are three terms to indicate the French word " environnement ". It identifies, within the framework of the KVP model which analyzes the conceptions as interactions between knowledge, values and social practices, several values which underlie these definitions. Several of them are taken again like environmental education objectives : citizenship, autonomy, responsibility, altruism and solidarity (CARTAS). The main part in this thesis analyzes the conceptions, and mainly the values' systems on nature and environment for some Tunisian teachers (111 Earth and Life Sciences: ELS teachers and 42 History and Geography : HG teachers ), at 273 secondary 2nd year pupils (16-17 year-olds) and in Tunisian LSE textbooks of this school level, published 2003 and 2005. Different analyses carried out (khi2, MCA and PCA) show that pupils are more anthropocentrics than ELS and HG teachers, who are rather écolocentrics, without a significant difference between ELS and HG teachers. These values' systems are correlated with certain personal variables: the non graduates, the youths and individuals with a country childhood are more anthropocentrics than, respectively, the graduates (baccalaureate or higher), the adults and those with a town childhood, who are more écolocentrics. Pupils' conceptions are on the whole in conformity with those present in ELS textbooks: nature without man, utility-relation with nature, absence of management and risks prevention related to the use of the resources, which is not in favour of the acquisition of CARTAS values. Stakes and perspectives of these results are discussed.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 6, 2010 - 1:08:44 PM
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Alaya Alaya. L'Éducation à l'Environnement en Tunisie. Analyse des valeurs relatives à la nature et à l'environnement dans les conceptions d'enseignants et d'élèves et dans des manuels scolaires.. Education. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00509655v2⟩

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