Optimisation des conditions de synthèse par CVD plasma de membranes conductrices de protons pour piles à combustible

Abstract : This work is part of PCP (Piles à Combustible par Procédés Plasma) project with the involvement of many partners: Dreux Agglomeration Community, GREMI and IEM laboratories, and the private industrial MHS Equipment. The aim of this work is the development of pre-industrial reactor prototype in order to manufacture by plasma processes all active layers of fuel cells cores i.e. the electrodes and the membrane. Two studies were conducted at the same time. The first from IEM have focused on the preparation by plasma polymerization, in a pilot reactor, of proton conducting polymer membranes. Two precursors were used: styrene and trifluoromethanesulfonic acid. The plasma membranes obtained are dense, uniform, and very adherent on carbon cloth support. The intrinsic ionic conductivity of plasma polymerized membranes is lower than the one of Nafion® membranes but their conduction ability is observed to be competitive due to their low thickness. Due to their highly cross-linked structure and density, plasma-polymerized membranes show methanol permeability much lower than Nafion® membranes ones. The thermal stability measurements have shown that plasma membranes easily support the operating temperature of fuel cells. The second study from GREMI concerns the development of catalyst or integral catalytic electrodes by magnetron sputtering in the pilot reactor. The use of a single platinum target or the combination of both platinum and carbon targets allowed to reduce the platinum content and to control the platinum concentration profile in the electrode support leading to the optimization of the platinum dispersion for a high increase of catalyst efficiency. Furthermore, in an industrial context, MEA’s integration was transferred using a linear industrial prototype which combines plasma polymerization for the membrane deposition and plasma sputtering for Pt deposition in a single device. Compact plasma MEA are produced and characterized in mono-cells.
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Aboubakr Ennajdaoui. Optimisation des conditions de synthèse par CVD plasma de membranes conductrices de protons pour piles à combustible. Autre. Université d'Orléans, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009ORLE2058⟩. ⟨tel-00503877⟩

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