PREVISION HYDROLOGIQUE D'ENSEMBLE ADAPTEE AUX BASSINS A CRUE RAPIDE. Elaboration de prévisions probabilistes de précipitations à 12 et 24 h. Désagrégation horaire conditionnelle pour la modélisation hydrologique. Application à des bassins de la région Cévennes Vivarais.

Renaud Marty 1
1 CHYC
LTHE - Laboratoire d'étude des transferts en hydrologie et environnement
Abstract : Catchments of Southern France are regularly subject to quick floods, usually in autumn, generated by intense rainfall events. Thus, flood risk is a major concern, necessitating a maximal lead-time to issue early flood warning, as well as an estimation of future discharges. Firstly, the elements required for hydrological forecasts and the related uncertainties are illustrated. Then, a simple and modular approach adapted to flash flood catchments (having a time to peak of about few hours) is proposed. Considering the targeted lead-time (24-48h), quantitative precipitations forecasts are a key element of this approach. Two prediction systems are described and evaluated: the EPS ensemble forecasts provided by ECMWF and the ANALOG probabilistic forecasts issued from an analog sorting technique produced by LTHE. A statistical correction of the latter is suggested to improve its reliability. The different forecasts are thereafter disaggregated by a generator from a 12 or 24 hours time-step to hourly scenarios which respect the precipitation forecasts and are climatologically consistent. Rainfall scenarios are then used as input to a simple and robust hydrological model, to provide hydrological ensemble forecasts. These forecasts get noticeably improved when sub-daily information about rainfall amounts is provided, either from EPS at a 6 or 12h time-step, or from ANALOG applied at 12h, or from a combination of both approaches, taking into account daily rainfall amount from ANALOG and a sub-daily chronology from EPS at 6h.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00480713
Contributor : Renaud Marty <>
Submitted on : Thursday, March 22, 2012 - 5:20:00 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 5, 2019 - 8:23:12 PM
Long-term archiving on : Saturday, June 23, 2012 - 2:40:32 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00480713, version 2

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Renaud Marty. PREVISION HYDROLOGIQUE D'ENSEMBLE ADAPTEE AUX BASSINS A CRUE RAPIDE. Elaboration de prévisions probabilistes de précipitations à 12 et 24 h. Désagrégation horaire conditionnelle pour la modélisation hydrologique. Application à des bassins de la région Cévennes Vivarais.. Hydrologie. Université de Grenoble, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00480713v2⟩

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