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Theses

Motifs structuraux dans des verres modèles pour le stockage des actinides

Abstract : Aluminosilicate glasses of rare earth {SiO2 –Al2O3 – (CaO) – Y2O3 – La2O3} can be considered like a potential matrix of nuclear waste. This type of glass appears to be suitable matrix for the specific immobilization of trivalent actinides. Whereas many studies dealt with the macroscopic properties of these matrix (durability, mechanism, etc…), we investigate here the local environment surrounding the nucleus constituting the vitreous network. Thus, we can say that we investigate the local structure of the glass. Aluminosilicate glasses are constituted with silicon and aluminium tetrahedra. They are more especially based on a mixture of silicon Qn(mAl) and aluminium qn(mSi) units. Up to now, few experiments allow to describe the vitreous network with this terminology. A solution is the High Resolution Solid State NMR : 27Al and 29Si 1D or 2D MAS NMR experiments. We proposed here to provide and improve NMR pulse sequence to evidence NMR signatures of chemically bounded Al-O-Si and Si-O-Si molecular motifs and to establish an approximate picture of medium range order, thanks to 27Al/29Si heteronuclear and 29Si/29Si homonuclear NMR experiments associated to MultiQuantum filtering based on indirect scalar coupling J2 Al-O-Si/J2 (Si-O-Si) and. Combining RAMAN spectroscopy, Spin counting and MultiQuantum filtering allow establishing an approximate and new picture of medium range order in aluminosilicate compounds. Thus, they offer a reference to describe the changes in the structure and the long term behavior of our aluminosilicate glasses of rare earth, induced by static lixiviation and a irradiation practiced to cyclotron in CEMHTI laboratory .
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00454383
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 17, 2010 - 6:51:16 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00454383, version 2

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Julien Hiet. Motifs structuraux dans des verres modèles pour le stockage des actinides. Autre. Université d'Orléans, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009ORLE2034⟩. ⟨tel-00454383v2⟩

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