Modernisation villageoise et distance à la ville en Inde du Sud

Abstract : The speed of social change and economic transformation in India is responsible for huge transformation of the spatial patterns in this country. However, the effects of this rapid modernisation of social and economic behaviours, such as fertility decrease, literacy increase and growth of service activities are far from being uniform. These geographic differences have been studied on their broader scales (national, state and district) but have never been examined at the village level in a systematic manner though it is precisely at this level that transition or barrier effects are to be most keenly observed. In order to analyze the spatial pattern of modernisation in India, we built an original Geographic Information System, based on 1991 census data which allows us to describe the relation between the 16 085 villages and 325 urban areas of the state of Tamil Nadu. This south-eastern state of India has been chosen for its strong economic and social dynamism as well as its comparatively large urbanisation level. After showing the role played by distance, and furthermore accessibility, to towns in the level of development of villages, we have gone on to expose the importance played by the internal dynamic of rural spaces, generally synthesized by the size of their population. Finally, with the help of geostatistic, especially local indicators of spatial association (LISA), we put forward the strong spatial structure of inequalities, which goes beyond administrative limits, and adds its effects to those of the distance to the town.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00007661
Contributor : Sébastien Oliveau <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 8, 2004 - 11:10:48 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 12:04:05 PM
Long-term archiving on : Monday, September 20, 2010 - 12:06:37 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00007661, version 2

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Sébastien Oliveau. Modernisation villageoise et distance à la ville en Inde du Sud. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2004. Français. ⟨tel-00007661v2⟩

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