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La production d'espaces sociaux urbains multiples et superposés à partir du développement des jardins collectifs : l'exemple lyonnais

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the production of social spaces within urban collective gardens in the context of the conurbation of Lyon. The theoretical approach used follows Henri Lefebvre: space is a social product and the city is the product of practices and representations of dominant classes (public actors) where the inhabitants have very little leeway to act. We thus consider each space of the city as multi-faceted, that is to say, capable of taking on a multiplicity of spaces (geographic, demographic, ecological, political, etc.). Space is thus not the simple receptacle of activities within the city, but also an analyzer of the forces and of the society in which it is inserted. The urban collective garden object refers to all the gardening practices that are done collectively in the city, involving several individuals who develop a public space to make it a place of greenery. This greenery takes the form of ornamental flowers, young trees, tall grasses, but also vegetable gardens with fruit trees, tomato plants, squash, etc. We use a qualitative methodology combining regular observations on multiple gardens and interviews with gardeners and institutional actors responsible for the development of these gardens. During our work, we identified two main forms of collective gardening in the city of Lyon: shared gardens and street gardens. Gardening thus refers to all the practices linked to working the land: digging, watering, turning the soil, establish a cultivation plan and of course plant. However, other daily practices are implemented by gardeners who are not limited to gardening, thus bringing out different spaces. By analyzing the history of these collective gardens, we point to a set of spaces produced, which then allow us to question the production of social spaces on shared gardens and street gardens. We show that the practices of these actors involved in collective gardens as well as the practices of institutional actors in these gardens (funding, various supports, etc.) produce different social spaces such as environmental, collective, citizen, institutional, individual, which overlap on these places. These social spaces produced by gardeners can be complementary or come into conflict, thus producing loss of meaning for the actors involved.
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Contributor : Frédéric Bally Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, August 11, 2022 - 2:14:09 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 12, 2022 - 3:36:29 AM


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Frédéric Bally. La production d'espaces sociaux urbains multiples et superposés à partir du développement des jardins collectifs : l'exemple lyonnais. Sociologie. Université Savoie Mont-Blanc, 2021. Français. ⟨tel-03749837⟩



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