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Theses

L'après-contrat

Abstract : The contract is set to perform an economic operation and then expires. However, many other legal forms evolve over time as a result. These deal with remaining interests have been arised from the contract or difficulties encountered in its execution. Although they are closely related to contractual experience, these forms cannot remain attached to the notion of contract, since they go beyond the framework and the initial posture of the contract. On the other hand, they come together under the authority of another principle, the post-contract. Indeed, they share common elements and suffer from the same adjustments in their legal regime. Despite their great variety (clause, unilateral act, legal effect, regime of liability or guarantee), these legal forms are subject to the two primary sources of law and will. Dedicated to the past’s liquidation and responsible for the future, these legal forms which perform the same functions : are measuring the unstable residual situation left by the contract and transform it during the postcontractual phase until it is stabilized. Thus described, the notion of post-contract is both substantial and functional. It has an independent legal regime. Regardless the reasons for the end of the contract, it is possible to recognize a generative fact that extinguishes the main contractual obligations and leads to the postcontractual obligations. A choice must be made between the different postcontractual forms available to the parties at the post-contract. Whichever form is chosen, the effect of the post-contract may occur. It is a restrictive force that fluctuates with the passage of time and which imposes a specific rule of behavior on the parties. The post-contract expires as its own turn when its purpose has been fulfilled, i.e. when all the risks emanating from the initial contract have been neutralized and when the parties are fully discharged or, on the opposite side, when they are ready to commit themselves again.
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Submitted on : Saturday, July 23, 2022 - 1:01:18 AM
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2020CLFAD010_GUILHEN.pdf
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Isabelle Guilhen. L'après-contrat. Droit. Université Clermont Auvergne [2017-2020], 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020CLFAD010⟩. ⟨tel-03736970⟩

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