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Le style réactionnaire. Positions de la droite littéraire française sur la langue et le style au XXe siècle

Abstract : The present work analyses the discourse on writing style and the French language elaborated by the literary right in France. It focuses on the ethos built by reactionary authors and on their attitude toward a so-called decay of literature and of French language. Comparing their attitudes and speeches with their actual ways of writing, from a stylistic point of view, we also try to trace the evolution of such speeches through time and to emphasize recurring paradigms. Through a stylistic study of several authors (Charles Maurras, Marcel Jouhandeau, Georges Bernanos, Marcel Aymé, Jacques Chardonne, the Hussards, Cioran or Richard Millet), we endeavour to illustrate the relationships between stylistic practices and ideological positions. We are led to distinguish three main moments throughout the 20 th century : the inter-war period is dominated by the traditional, outspokenly reactionary right and by the Action française, whose conception of literature and style is fairly heteronomous. The second moment, beginning with the 1940 defeat, reacts to the first : far-right writers, seduced by fascism, move away from traditionalism. The aftermath of the war then leads some of them to endorse a purely aesthetic posture, though bearing traces of their former political involvement. A third period, starting in the 70s, shows a markedly different configuration, with no more links maintained between the new reactionary authors and their forerunners. The newer ones acclimatize the political ideas of the Nouvelle Droite, while holding on, for the purpose of elitist distinction, to the legacy of the most recent literary avant-gardes.
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Contributor : Vincent Berthelier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 26, 2022 - 5:43:36 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 10, 2022 - 4:30:10 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03831212, version 1


Vincent Berthelier. Le style réactionnaire. Positions de la droite littéraire française sur la langue et le style au XXe siècle. Littératures. Sorbonne université; Université de Lausanne, Faculté des lettres, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-03831212⟩



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